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Author Guidelines

The editor of LITE: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya welcomes article submissions by the following guidelines:

  1. Articles have not been published or accepted for publication or are being considered for publication elsewhere. In addition to the manuscript, a written statement should be attached, which clarifies that the article is original and does not contain any elements of plagiarism.
  2. Articles are written in Indonesian/English using academic language and standard academic writing structure and composition. Manuscripts are typed single-spaced in a quarto paper size (A4), between 2500-8000 words in length, including references, pictures, and tables. Papers that greatly exceed this will be critically reviewed concerning length.
  3. Articles should be in the form of essay, which includes:
  • The author’s identity (name, institution, and e-mail) should not be written on the article, but it should be put on the article metadata on Open Journal System (OJS) website (If the author’s name is still on the article, the article would be rejected and author may submit on a new submission). LITE: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya have already applied for double-blind review in the review process.
  • The title is written in English, both in the article and in the metadata (max. 20 words),
  • Abstract; The abstract is a summary of the article. It consists of the research objective, methods,  principal results and major conclusions. Implications or recommendations can be added in the abstract. The abstract must be written in English and Indonesian, less than 250 words. Abstract in Indonesian is optional if the author is not from Indonesia and does not speak Indonesian. The abstract must not contain lengthy background information and have no reference to figure, table, equation, or any bibliographical reference from within or another article. The language of the abstract must be clear and concise. It is a stand-alone summary in one paragraph.
  • Keywords: after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, “and” “of”). These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
  • Introduction: The introduction consists of the background of the study explaining the actual phenomenon investigated, supported by references and previous studies. The author must also explain the existence of this research (state of the art) compared to those previous studies and justify the novelty/gap of the study. The introduction consists of the problem(s) (one problem that is becoming the focus of the study is even better), the purpose of the study, the research significance, and the theory used to solve the problem(s). All cited or paraphrased sources should be written in the references list. The introduction does not allow subchapters.
  • Methods; The methods section describes actions to be taken to investigate a research problem and the rationale for the application of specific procedures or techniques used to identify select, process, and analyze information applied to understanding the problem, thereby allowing the reader to evaluate a study’s overall validity and reliability critically. The methodology section of a research paper answers two main questions: How was the data collected or generated? Moreover, how was it analyzed? The writing should be direct, precise, and written in the past tense. Use subheadings to separate different methodologies.
  • Results and Discussion; The results section contains a description of the main findings of the research, whereas the discussion section interprets the results for readers and provides the significance of the findings. This section should not repeat the results section. The author can use tables, figures, or texts (when you do not have extensive or complicated data to present).
  • Conclusion; Conclusion provides closure for the reader while reminding the reader of the contents and importance of the paper. It accomplishes this by stepping back from the specifics to view the bigger picture of the document. In other words, it reminds the reader of the main argument. The conclusion succinctly restates the main ideas and arguments, pulling everything together to help clarify the paper’s thesis. A conclusion does not introduce new ideas; instead, it should clarify the intent and importance of the paper. It can also suggest possible future research on the topic, and
  • References; The references are at least 25 and must consist of 80% from relevant and recent primary sources (journal or proceedings articles and research reports, such as theses and dissertations, from the last ten years). The references must be written in APA style and using reference manager software (such as Mendeley and Zotero).
  • Reference list format is based on APA (American Psychological Association) style 7th edition. The reference list should appear at the end of the article and includes only literature cited in the manuscripts. References are ordered alphabetically and chronologically. We recommend that authors use Mendeley/Zotero’s reference manager tools. Herewith are some of the APA-based references format structures:
    • Printed book: Author, A.A. (Year of Publication). Title of work. Publisher.
    • Online book: Author, A.A. (Year of Publication). Title of work [E-Reader Version]. Retrieved from http://xxxx or doi:xxxx
    • Journal article in print: Author, A.A. (Publication Year). Article title. Periodical Title, Volume(Issue), pp.-pp.
    • Journal article online: Author, A.A. (Publication Year). Article title. Periodical Title, Volume(Issue), pp.-pp. doi: xx.xxxx or Retrieved from journal URL
    • Website article: Author, A.A. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. Retrieved from URL; Article title. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Retrieved from URL
    • Newspaper in print: Author, A.A. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. Newspaper Title, pp. xx-xx.
    • Newspaper online: Author, A.A. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. Newspaper Title, Retrieved from newspaper homepage URL
    • Magazine article in print: Author, A.A. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. Magazine Title, Volume(Issue), pp.-pp.
    • Encyclopedia: Author, A.A. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Entry title. In Encyclopedia Title, (Vol. xx, pp. xx). Publisher.

5. Diacritics and Spelling of Proper Names

In order to be reproduced accurately in printed versions, articles must be aware of any special (e.g., phonetic) symbols. They must be explained in detail with a typeset sample as well. To deal with this issue, LITE: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya recommends authors use Times New Roman font, but if this font does not support some symbols, authors are allowed to use other alternatives with notification to the LITE: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya board. Authors must be aware of the spelling of proper names, especially in terms of Japanese personal names and geographical names. Japanese names and any geographical names should be written in Western order without a macron—Japanese names in text: Soichiro Honda; and in the bibliography: Honda, Soichiro.

6. Dates and Numbers

Dates in the text: 17 August 1945; dates in the bibliography: 17-8-1945. Numbers from one to ten should be spelt out; higher numbers, percentages and measurements should be numerals (3 km, 6%).

7. The editor appreciates if authors excerpt information from previously published articles in LITE: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya.

8. Articles should be submitted in soft files using document format (.doc or .docx) to the Online Submission page.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is 1 spaced; uses a 12-point font (Times New Roman); employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Authors of LITE: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya must agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) before and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).



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