KAJIAN SASTRA PERJALANAN DALAM HIKAYAT KISAH PELAYARAN ABDULLAH KE MEKAH KARYA ABDULLAH BIN ABDUL KADIR MUNSYI

Yacub Fahmilda, Putri Zulikha

Abstract


This research is aimed to identify and to reveal a hikayat as classic travel literature of Indonesia by the travel writing theory of Carl Thompson. To gain those purposes, this research used literary criticism and descriptive-analytic methods. The object of this study is Kisah Pelayaran Abdullah ke Mekah by Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir Munsyi  (1854), focusing on the six elements of travel writing by Carl Thompson’s approach based on the hikayat. This study shows that the hikayat contains six elements of travel writing. Those are self, other, movement, space, encounter, and writing. Abdullah as a sailor puts himself in his hikayat as the main character by using “sahaya” and “aku” to articulate “self” in his hikayat. The “self” during travel met new and foreign things that the author had never seen before. He drew and expressed his point of view, feeling, and observation of all the encounters that he had met during sailing in to hikayat.

Keywords: Carl Thompson, hikayat, travel writing


Keywords


Carl Thompson, Hikayat, Travel Writing

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baihaqi, Ahmad Fauzan. (2016). Pelayaran Angkutan Jamaah Haji di Hindia Belanda (Tahun 1911-1930). Buletin Al-Turas Januari: 1—24.

Ekasiswanto, R. (2017). Penggambaran Dunia dalam The Naked Traveler 1 Year Round-The-World Trip karya Trinity: Analisis Sastra Perjalanan Carl Thompson. Semiotika, 18(1), 42–59.

Holland, P. dan Graham H. (2000). Tourists with Typewriters. United States of Amerika: The University of Michigan Press.

Liaw Yock Fang.(2016). Sejarah Kesusastraan Melayu Klasik. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Nasution, A.A. (2015). “GambaranDiri Andrea Hirata dalam Novel Edensor: Konsep Travel Writing Carl Thompson”.Poetika. 3(1) 22—31. Yogyakarta: UniversitasGadjahMada.

Pujiharto. (2012). Pengantar Teori Fiksi. Yogyakarta: Ombak.

Purwaningsih, N.S. (2015). Subjektivitas dalam Cerita Perjalanan Noverl Lumbini karya Kris Budiman. Jurnal Poetika, 3(1). 50–59.

Putra,C.R.W. (2018). “Penggambaran Dunia dalam Sastra Exil : Kumpulan Cerpen Kera di Kepala karya Soeprijadi Tomodiharjo sebagai Cerita Perjalanan”. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Bahasa dan Sastra 2018, Malang p. 244–253.

Ratna, Nyoman Kutha. (2004). Teori, Metode, dan Teknik Penelitian Sastra. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Robson, S.O. (1994). Prinsip-prinsip Filologi Indonesia. Jakarta: RUL.

Sudibyo.(2015). Filologi: Sejarah, Metode, dan Paradigma. Yogyakarta: Jurusan Sastra Indonesia Fakultas Ilmu Budaya UGM dan Masyarakat Pernaskahan Nusantara Cabang Yogyakarta.

Sweeney, A. (2005). Karya Lengkap Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir Munsyi Jilid 1. Jakarta: Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia.

Sweeney, A. (2007). Abdullah Bin Abdul Kadir Munsyi: A Man of Bananas And Thorns. Indonesia and the Malay World. 223—245.

Teeuw, A. (2015). Sastra dan Ilmu Sastra. Cetakan Kelima. Bandung: Pustaka Jaya.

Thompson, C. (2011). Travel Writing. New York: Routledge.

Van den Berg, L.W.C. (2010). Orang Arab di Nusantara. Jakarta: Komunitas Bambu.

Van der Putten, Jan. (2006). Abdullah Munsyi and the missionaries. Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences of Southeast Asia and Oceania. 407—440.

Yuliasari, H.(2013). “Kisah Pelayaran Abdullah bin Abdulkadir Munsyi dari Singapura sampai ke Kelantan: Analisis Poskolonial”. Skripsi Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta: Tidak Diterbitkan.

Zulikha, P. (2019). “Agenda dan Ideologi dalam Novel Pelukis Gurun Pasir Karya Fuad Abdurahman: Analisis Sastra Perjalanan Carl Thompson”. Skripsi Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta: Tidak Diterbitkan.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33633/lite.v17i1.4421

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 122 times
PDF - 58 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Yacub Fahmilda, Putri Zulikha

 

ISSN Online: 2548-9588

ISSN Print: 1907-3607 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexing & Archiving:

 

In collaboration with