Analisis Sosiolinguistik Politeness Bahasa Jepang dalam Film Galileo 2013 Karya Keigo Higashino

Yuniati Fadhillah

Abstract


ABSTRACT

This research discusses the various languages of respect (keigo), namely sonkeigo, kenjougo, and teineigo.  This study aims to examine the use of keigo language and the factors that influence the use of keigo, especially in the work environment.  The theory used in this study is based on Sachiko's sociolinguistic theory of distance.  The data used is a Japanese film entitled Galileo 2013 by Keigo Higashino.  The research method of this study show uses descriptive qualitative method.  The results of this study show that the use of respectful language keigo (kenjougo and teineigo) is used between participants in the scope of uchi mono.  Whereas the use of the various keigo languages (sonkeigo) is used by speakers of speech partners in the scope of soto mono, formal or informal situations, age or higher position.  Factors that influence the use of keigo according to Sachiko's Idea theory are the factors that take into consideration of the use of keigo in the uchi mono group is social distance, because the speaker speaks to the speech partner, based on position or age position.  Whereas the dominant factor that becomes a consideration for the use of keigo in the soto mono group is social distance and formality distance, because the speech partners who speak with many speakers do not use a variety of respectful languages (keigo), because the speech partners feel they are older than the speakers, and consider not  formal talks because it's not from his job.

Keywords: Keigo, social factors, distance, uchi mono, soto mono.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33633/jr.v2i2.3993

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