Desain User Interface Ramah bagi Austism Spectrum Disorder melalui Pengembangan Website Aplikasi "Teman Inklusi”

Authors

  • Devanny Gumulya Pelita Harapan University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33633/andharupa.v9i03.6966

Abstract

Orang dengan Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) menghadapi masalah yang berbeda ketika berinteraksi dengan informasi di situs web. Penelitian ini menginvestigasi rekomendasi desain User Interface (UI) yang dapat diakses untuk ASD melalui panduan UI ramah ASD serta pedoman easy to read information untuk orang dengan gangguan belajar. Penelitian ini berjenis kualitatif, dan mengikuti lima tahap design thinking: berempati, definisi masalah, ideasi, prototipe, dan pengujian. Hasil penelitian ini adalah rancangan User Interface "Teman Inklusi" yaitu aplikasi situs web pembelajaran assitif untuk ASD. Hasil penelitian merekomendasikan bahwa saat membuat situs web untuk ASD, desainer harus dengan seksama mengatur variabel presentasi dan interaksi UI. Komponen UI harus memiliki lebih sedikit animasi, lebih sedikit jenis dan sedikit perbedaan ukuran font, lebih sedikit gambar kompleks, lebih banyak area putih, dan pembahasan suatu topik yang kompleks dibuat dengan penyajian informasi disertai contoh yang disampaikan secara visual dan audio.  Dengan mengimplentasikan prinsip – prinsip UI ramah ASD dan pedoman easy to read information untuk orang dengan gangguan belajar, website aplikasi Teman Inklusi berhasil mendapatkan rata-rata penilaian 96 (dari skala 1-100) dari uji coba pada 9 mahasiswa ASD. Penelitian ini berkontribusi pada pengembangan tentang prinsip-prinsip User Interface untuk mengembangkan situs web ramah autisme untuk konteks digital. Kata Kunci: design thinking, User Interface, web ramah autisme AbstractPeople with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) encounter distinct issues when interacting with information on websites. We investigate the requirements for developing an accessible User Interface for users with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) as well as the rules for producing easy-to-read material for people with learning difficulties in this work. The research is qualitative, and it follows the five stages of design thinking: empathize, define, ideate, prototype, and test. The study's outcome is the User Interface of "Teman Inklusi," a learning assistive website application for people with autism spectrum disorder. According to the study, while creating a website for ASD, designers should carefully arrange the UI presentation and interaction. It must have less animation, fewer font types and sizes, fewer complex pictures, more white space, and an example that is conveyed both visually and audibly when discussing complex topics. By implementing the UI for ASD and easy to read and the guidelines for the production of easy-to-read information for people with learning disabilities, the proposed website application "Teman Inklusi" got an average score of 96 from scale 1–100 from user Testing with 9 ASD. This research contributes to a better knowledge of the User Interface principles for developing autism-friendly websites in the digital world. Keywords: austism spectrum disorder friendly website, design thinking, User Interface

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Published

2023-09-26