EXPRESSIVE SPEECH ACT IN INTELLECTUALLY DISABLED AND NONDISABLED ADULTS: A CASE STUDY OF I AM SAM FILM

Chania Ardhita Ningtyas, Karenina Ajeng Pramesti Azzahra, Nina Setyaningsih

Abstract


People express themselves through language. However, for intellectually disabled people, this may become a challenge. This relates to expressive speech act. This research focuses on the expressive speech acts used by the main characters, Sam and Rita, in I Am Sam movie. The research is aimed at finding out the types of expressive speech act used by Sam and Rita in the movie, and describing the difference in the use of expressive speech act by both characters. The method used to analyze the data was descriptive qualitative. The result reveals that the expressive speech acts are used to express the characters' feelings, attitudes, and emotions. There are five types of expressive speech act in the utterances spoken by Sam and Rita respectively. The most dominant type of expressive speech act used in Sam's utterances is praise, while the most dominant type used by Rita is dislike. This finding suggests that intellectually disabled person shows more positive expressions than the nondisabled person in the film.

Keywords: pragmatics, expressive speech act, intellectually disabled, I Am Sam, film 


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