SELF-ACTUALIZATION OF THE CHARACTER AINI IN THE NOVEL GURU AINI BY ANDREA HIRATA

Nurlaily Khoirun Ni'mah, Maulfi Syaiful Rizal

Abstract


This research was conducted as an embodiment to apply Abraham Maslow's theory of humanistic psychology in analyzing the self-actualization of the main character in the novel Guru Aini by Andrea Hirata. This study was used to determine the character, self-actualization of the character Aini, and the role of the teacher in achieving self-actualization of the character Aini in the novel Guru Aini by Andrea Hirata. This study uses a qualitative research approach with a descriptive type of research. The data collection technique used is a documentation technique using a novel entitled Guru Aini by Andrea Hirata for data collection. Data analysis was carried out by describing the process of organizing the selected data with the environment around the characters and the characters in the novel Guru Aini by Andrea Hirata, then the data was analyzed based on Abraham Maslow's theory of humanistic psychology, so that it can be concluded characters that are equipped with supporting data. From the method applied in data acquisition, it is found that the needs of Aini character can be fulfilled at every level of the hierarchy of needs in Abraham Maslow's theory of humanistic psychology, namely physiological needs, security, love and belonging, self-esteem, and self-actualization. From the results presented, it can be concluded that the character Aini in the novel Guru Aini by Andrea Hirata has succeeded in realizing his self-actualization.

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References


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