New Image Texture Feature for Chest X-Ray Classification

Prajanto Wahyu Adi, Fajar Agung Nugroho, Yani Parti Astuti


This study proposes a new feature extraction model to identify CXR images of covid-19 and pneumonia has a high visual resemblance. The feature extraction model starts by using histogram equalization and average filters as lowpass features and high pass features obtained through Laplacian and LoG filters. In the next step, covariance matrix of image along with the entire features are used to produce an eigen vector that will be used as a feature vector in the classification process. The final stage is the process of testing features on the classification algorithms KNN, SVM, LDA, Naïve Bayes, and Decision Tree through a 10-foldcross validation scheme with 0.9 training data and 0.1 test data. The first experiment for the Covid-19 and normal classes shows that the proposed model is able to produce an accuracy of 96% as the comparison model with GLCM texture extraction have an accuracy value of 91%. The second test is conducted for the class Covid-19 and pneumonia and obtained an accuracy value of 89% for the proposed model and 73% for the GLCM texture extraction. Experiments proved that the proposed model successfully outperformed the GLCM texture extraction model in all of classification algorithms used.

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